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2006     Shoulder rehabilitation: non-operative treatment - Todd Ellenbecker—2006



2004     Therapeutic Exercise: Moving Toward Function - Hall CM, Brody LT, eds. Baltimore, MD 212001-2436,

            Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004


This is an excellent all around manual for the physical therapy student or clinician. It concisely and effectively covers all of the major areas of orthopedics with a review of neurological and musculoskeletal function and injuries. Hall uses well laid-out diagrams to provide a basis for diagnosis and then treatment with therapeutic exercise. This book is a great reference to add to your book shelf.   



1997     Sport Speed - George B. Dintiman, Robert D. Ward, Tom Tellez;  Human Kinetics Publishers; 2nd edition (April 1997)


"Impulse…is capable of hitting the conditioning and rehabilitation ball out of the traditional training ball park"

"a major breakthrough in training on field power in the weight room"

"Some of the benifits you can expect to gain from using inertial impulse training include the duplication of on-field forces, functional strength and power gains that are transferable to competition in your sport, stronger tendons and ligaments, and a reduction in training time."



1996    Spine in Sports -  Robert G. Watkins, Mosby 1996  Medical Textbook

           Chapter 32: Trunk and Lower Extremity Strengthening for Football, Robert Ward


"Impulse… improving coordinated action of the trunk and legs justify its being given a high-level priority for inclusion in the training facility."

*Dr. Ward discusses quickly how the Impulse is absolutely functional in the kinds of training it does and how that function, with the Impulse, directly effects performance on the field.”


Research from studies at the Dallas Cowboys documents high forces (425 foot pounds per rep) generated with various weight on the sled. Duration to fatigue under these high forces is also documented.




1992     Eccentric Muscle Training in Sports and Orthopaedics - Mark Albert & Bruce, Brownstein Medical Textbook


"Versatile clinical protocols can be safely applied in a time efficient manner with minimal requirements for the trainer, therapist supervision." (point 4 on pg. 91 of the conclusion section)

*The general idea of this chapter is the Impulse can be used on all points of the body. Three case studies demonstrate that clearly you get a really good level of achievement for clinical results for various types of problems. All of these solutions are backed up with scientific research, protocols, and scientific documentation from our research equipment.



1989     Power, A Scientific Approach - Frederick C. Hatfield, Ph.D., Contemporary Books, 1989


"One of the most amazing concepts for sports training I've ever come across."

"I bought two of then so I can do both sides simultaneously"

"With Impulse Inertial Exercise you can isolate any muscle or muscle group and you can simulate any sports skill requiring ballistic force, that's something you can't do with a dumb bell or bar bell in any consistent manner"






2007       Inertial Exercise Equipment Gets Results

              Impact PPS APTA,Pam Buttram, DPT, March 2007



2007       Emerging Technologies Physical Therapy Products -Impulse Training,

              Steven W Davison, February 2007



2006      The Purpose of Position

             Dan Fichter, Inno



2006       High Speed Eccentrics with Inertial Training

              Dan Fichter, Inno



2003        Analysis of Kinematics and Contraction Characteristics on Impulse Inertial

               Exercise System with Different of Exercise Loads and Shuttle Distances

              Master’s Thesis,  Hsien-Ling Chen, 2003-06-07



2002       Play Ball! Donald E Tepper, PT Magazine’s for Your Health

              Supplement to PT-Magazine of Physical Therapy-2002 pgs 6-7



1998       Pure Magic –Roy D Kurban

              Black Belt, Issue 01043-February 1998, pgs 64-70



1991       Inertial Loading Principles Added to Rehab Techniques/Equipment

             ADVANCE for Physical Therapist

              Michelle P. Pronsati, August 26, 1991

"In terms of research ....what we have learned indicates that this is a very neuromuscular kind of training unit".  "Weight of more than 30lbs is used rarely with Inertial Exercise (the Impulse) he cautioned the only time I would do that is if I was training the spine and I would then use between 25lbs and 35lbs. Admittedly these are some guide lines that need additional research, but they seem to work safely & well in the clinic." *Review of Mark Albert's presentation to the NATA. This is the first quote by somebody before any Inertial Exercise research existed. (The first quote the better of the two.)

* the statement coincides with exactly what we have been promoting for the last 22 years on this concept, that it is neuromuscular and that it builds power and works very well with backs as long as you use heavy weights


1989       Rehabilitation Following Shoulder Arthroscopy - Sports Medicine Update, Healthsouth Sports Medicine Network & American Sports Medicine Institute, Volume 4, Number 2, Karen Middleton, P.T., A.T., C., Spring Edition 1989

"The inertial unit is an excellent exercise modality for eccentric work. By utilizing various function patterns the extremities are strengthen in an eccentric mode. Coordination and timing are additional factors that may be improved upon with this interval work out." (pg. 12) 
*They speak of it as a factual modality, to them it is just another device to train with.